Farxiga

Farxiga Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Mechanism of Action, How Long Does it Take to Work? Farxiga is a brand name. Its generic name is Dapagliflozin.

Farxiga

Farxiga is an oral medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It is a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2(SGLT2) inhibitor and it works by blocking the reabsorption of glucose in the kidney tubules, thereby increasing the secretion of glucose into the urine. This helps to reduce the amount of sugar in the bloodstream, which decreases the amount of glucose in the bloodstream and helps to lower blood sugar levels.

Uses

Farxiga is used to treat type 2 diabetes. It works by blocking the reabsorption of glucose in the kidney tubules, thus increasing the secretion of glucose into the urine. This helps to reduce the amount of sugar in the bloodstream and helps to lower blood glucose levels.

Mechanism of Action

Farxiga works by blocking the reabsorption of glucose back into the bloodstream. This results in the body excreting more glucose in the urine, thus reducing the amount of glucose in the bloodstream and therefore helping to lower blood glucose levels.

How Long Does it Take to Work?

Farxiga usually begins to show its effects within 3 months, but it may vary from person to person. It is important to keep taking the medication as prescribed and to follow up with your doctor regularly to assess your response to the medication.

Absorption

Farxiga is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Peak concentrations are reached in 1 to 2 hours after administration.

Route of Elimination

Farxiga is eliminated mainly through the urine. Approximately 60% of dapagliflozin is eliminated unchanged within 24 hours of administration.

Dosage

The usual starting dose of dapagliflozin is 10 mg orally taken once daily. Depending on your blood sugar levels, your doctor may decide to increase the dose to 20 mg daily. If you have kidney problems, your doctor may decide to reduce the dose. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully.

Administration

Farxiga is taken orally. It should be taken with or without food. Take at the same time each day for consistent efficacy.

Side Effect

Common side effects of dapagliflozin include urinary tract infection, headache, runny nose, salty taste, back pain, nausea, and dizziness. Other more serious side effects include dehydration, low blood pressure, and kidney problems. Be sure to talk to your doctor if you experience any side effects.

Toxicity

Farxiga is generally well-tolerated but may cause toxicity at high doses. Signs of toxicity may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, visual disturbances, and confusion. If you experience any of these symptoms, stop taking the medication and contact your doctor immediately.

Precaution

Before taking dapagliflozin, talk to your doctor if you have ever had any kidney problems, liver disease, heart failure, low or high blood pressure, or electrolyte imbalance. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. If you experience any signs of dehydration, stop taking dapagliflozin and contact your doctor immediately.

Interaction

Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about any other medications you are taking, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Some medications may interact with dapagliflozin and cause serious side effects. Be sure to read the product label carefully before taking any medication.

Disease Interaction

Farxiga may interact with certain diseases. If you have a history of diabetes, kidney disease, heart failure, or liver disease, tell your doctor before taking dapagliflozin. This medication may worsen these conditions.

Drug Interaction

Farxiga may interact with other medications. Be sure to tell your doctor about any medications you are currently taking, including prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Some medications may interact with dapagliflozin and cause serious side effects.

Food Interactions

No food interactions are known with dapagliflozin. However, take your medication with or without food, as directed by your doctor.

Pregnancy Use

Farxiga should not be used during pregnancy. There is not enough information on the safety of dapagliflozin in pregnant women. If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of taking this medication.

Lactation Use

It is not known if dapagliflozin passes into breast milk or if it may cause harm to a nursing baby. Do not breastfeed while taking dapagliflozin. Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of taking this medication if you are breastfeeding.

Acute Overdose

Symptoms of overdose can include severe dehydration, low blood pressure, and kidney problems. If you think you may have taken too much, contact your doctor or seek medical attention immediately.

Contraindication

Farxiga should not be used in people who are allergic to dapagliflozin or any of its ingredients. It should also not be used in people who have severe kidney damage, low blood pressure, or a history of ketoacidosis.

Use Direction

Farxiga should be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Take it at the same time each day and do not take more than the prescribed amount. Do not stop taking the medication without talking to your doctor first.

Storage Condition

Store dapagliflozin at room temperature away from sunlight and moisture. Keep it out of reach of children and pets.

Volume of Distribution

The volume of distribution of dapagliflozin is approximately 2.7L/kg.

Half Life

The half-life of dapagliflozin is approximately 17 hours.

Clearance

The clearance of dapagliflozin is approximately 200mL/minute.

Here you find in details version of Farxiga

Some Frequently Asked Questions About Farxiga

What is Farxiga?

Farxiga is an anti-diabetic medication that helps to lower blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes.

How does Farxiga work?

Farxiga works by blocking the reabsorption of glucose in the kidney, thereby promoting the removal of glucose through the urine. This helps to lower the glucose levels in the blood.

What are the benefits of taking Farxiga?

Farxiga helps to lower blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. It has also been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular death and hospitalization for heart failure in people with type 2 diabetes.

What are the potential side effects of Farxiga?

Common side effects of Farxiga include urinary tract infection, increased urinary frequency, and genital yeast infection. In rare cases, it can cause low potassium levels and dehydration.

Who should not take Farxiga?

People with type 1 diabetes should not take Farxiga. In addition, people who are pregnant, breast-feeding, over the age of 75, or have pre-existing kidney damage or severe heart disease should not take Farxiga.

What are the drug interactions of Farxiga?

Farxiga may interact with some other medications, such as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and diuretics (water pills). It is important to tell your doctor about all medications that you are taking in order to minimize any potential drug interactions.

How should Farxiga be taken?

Farxiga should be taken once daily, either in the morning or at night. It should be taken with a full glass of water and should be taken at the same time each day for best results.

What if I miss a dose of Farxiga?

If you miss a dose of Farxiga, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is close to your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and take the next dose at the regular time.

How long does it take for Farxiga to take effect?

It usually takes several weeks for Farxiga to take effect. It is important to follow your doctor's instructions and take the medication as prescribed to ensure maximum effectiveness.

Is Farxiga available over-the-counter?

No, Farxiga is not available over-the-counter. It is only available with a prescription from your doctor.

Can Farxiga be used to treat type 1 diabetes?

No, Farxiga is only indicated for treating type 2 diabetes, not type 1 diabetes.

What other treatments should I take in addition to Farxiga?

Your doctor may recommend other treatments in addition to Farxiga, such as diet and exercise, insulin, or other medications. Your doctor can make the best recommendation based on your individual circumstances.

How long should I take Farxiga?

Your doctor will determine how long you should take Farxiga based on your specific circumstances. You should follow your doctor’s instructions for the duration of time you are taking the medication.

What is the most common side effect of Farxiga?

The most common side effect of Farxiga is an increase in urinary frequency.

Can Farxiga be taken with insulin?

Yes, Farxiga can be taken with insulin. It is important to discuss taking both Farxiga and insulin with your doctor to ensure proper dosing.

Can I drink alcohol while taking Farxiga?

It is best to avoid alcohol while taking Farxiga as it can increase the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). If you do drink alcohol, make sure to have a low-carbohydrate meal or snack before drinking to avoid low blood sugar.

What if I have kidney damage - can I take Farxiga?

No, Farxiga is not recommended for people who have pre-existing kidney damage.

What if I have liver disease - can I take Farxiga?

No, Farxiga is not recommended for people who have pre-existing liver disease.

Should I take Farxiga with food?

No, Farxiga does not need to be taken with food. It should be taken with a full glass of water and at the same time each day.

How will I know if Farxiga is working?

You should have periodic blood sugar testing done while taking Farxiga. If your blood sugar is within the desired range, then Farxiga is working as intended.

Is there an alternative to Farxiga?

Yes, there are other medications available to help manage type 2 diabetes. Your doctor can recommend an alternative medication based on your individual needs and circumstances.

Can Farxiga be taken with metformin?

Yes, Farxiga can be taken with metformin. It is important to follow your doctor's instructions for taking both medications.

Can Farxiga cause weight gain?

No, Farxiga does not cause weight gain, although it may cause dehydration in some people.

Is Farxiga safe for long-term use?

Yes, Farxiga is safe for long-term use. However, it is important to speak to your doctor and have regular blood tests done to ensure the medication is working as intended.

Can I stop taking Farxiga without consulting my doctor?

No, it is important to speak to your doctor before stopping any preset medication. Your doctor can make the necessary adjustments to your treatment plan if necessary.

What should I do if I experience side effects while taking Farxiga?

If you experience any new or worsening side effects while taking Farxiga, you should notify your doctor immediately. You should never stop taking a medication without first consulting with your doctor.

Can children take Farxiga?

No, Farxiga is not recommended for children.

Can Farxiga cause low potassium levels?

Yes, Farxiga can cause low potassium levels in some people. It is important to monitor your potassium levels while taking this medication.

Can Farxiga cause dehydration?

Yes, Farxiga can cause dehydration in some people. It is important to stay hydrated while taking this medication, and to check with your doctor if you experience any signs of dehydration, such as dry mouth or increased thirst.

Should I take Farxiga at the same time every day?

Yes, it is important to take Farxiga at the same time every day for maximum effectiveness.

What if I forget to take Farxiga?

If you forget to take Farxiga, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is close to your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and take the next one at the regular time.

Does Farxiga have any drug interactions?

Yes, Farxiga may interact with some other medications, such as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) and diuretics (water pills). It is important to discuss all medications that you are taking with your doctor in order to minimize any potential drug interactions.

Is Farxiga sold in generic form?

Yes, Farxiga is sold in generic form. The generic name is dapagliflozin.

Will Farxiga reduce my risk of having a heart attack or stroke?

Yes, taking Farxiga can reduce your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. In addition, it can also reduce the risk of hospitalization for heart failure in people with type 2 diabetes.

Can I take Farxiga if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

No, Farxiga is not recommended for pregnant or breast-feeding women.

What should I do if I have an allergic reaction to Farxiga?

If you have an allergic reaction to Farxiga, stop taking the medication and contact your doctor immediately. Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include hives, difficulty breathing, and swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Does Farxiga work for people with type 1 diabetes?

No, Farxiga is only indicated for people with type 2 diabetes.

Can I drink grapefruit juice while taking Farxiga?

No, it is best to avoid grapefruit juice while taking Farxiga as it can interact with the medication.

Does Farxiga raise cholesterol levels?

No, Farxiga does not raise cholesterol levels, but it may increase your risk of having low potassium levels in the blood.

Will Farxiga affect my blood pressure?

No, Farxiga does not affect your blood pressure, but it may lead to dehydration and low potassium levels which can affect your blood pressure.

Can Farxiga make my diabetes harder to manage?

No, Farxiga can actually make Managing diabetes easier by reducing blood sugar levels. If you experience any increase in your blood sugar levels while taking Farxiga, contact your doctor immediately.

Does Farxiga treat the underlying cause of type 2 diabetes?

No, Farxiga does not treat the underlying cause of type 2 diabetes. However, it can help to manage and reduce the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.